Zlepšenie technických a vzdelávacích kapacít na urýchlenie vybavovacieho procesu na spoločnej slovensko-ukrajinskej hranici Improvement of technical and educational capacities to accelerate the handling process of the joint Slovakia-Ukraine border

The main objective: To improve the management of SK-UA Schengen border by joint efforts of both parties: SK & UA.

Specific objectives:

  1. accelerate the check-in process of passengers when crossing the Slovak-Ukrainian border;
  2. improve the training of police officers, including increasing their knowledge of languages;
  3. realize research, incl. surveys among travellers and officers to improve police performance and services to decrease waiting times at border crossing points;
  4. introduce modern technology into education of police officers;
  5. install modern technology to monitor the situation at border crossing points (surveillance cameras);
  6. develop cooperation between state and non-state actors for the improvement of border management and migration.



The interest of the Slovak Republic is to contribute to the development of good relations with Ukraine and its citizens. One of the longer-term problems in the Slovak-Ukrainian borderland is also the "operating efficiency" of the border crossings at a common 97 km long Schengen border between the Slovak Republic and Ukraine for legal migration, that is passengers’ handling at four of the five common border crossings: Vyšné Nemecké - Uzhhorod; Ubľa - Malyj Bereznyj; Veľké Slemence - Malyj Selmenci; Čierna nad Tisou - Čop.

Ensuring faster passenger handling at these border crossings is one of the permanent priorities of the Office of the Border and Alien Police (UHCP P PZ SR) and the State Border Service of Ukraine (ŠSPS UA). Every year there is a continuous increase in the number of people crossing the common border, with the assumption that this number will continue to increase. At the same time, however, the Slovak Republic is responsible for comprehensive protection of the external Schengen border with Ukraine. This creates different needs (and problems) associated with migration management at border crossings.

Implemented project activities brought these outputs:
A) 3 classroom modernized and new hardware installed in classrooms at the Secondary specialized school of the Police Force in Košice;
B) purchase, replacement and addition of the surveillance cameras on the 5 BCPs – at the Slovak side of the border;
C) realized education in the field of border control, counterfeiting and alteration of travel documents, fundamental human rights and freedoms, including gender equality, border management, joint patrols, stolen motor vehicles, as well as language training. It was a three-week training for Slovak police officers and one week training for Ukrainian police officers. Education also included language training (five-weeks) for the Slovak police officers and five weekly trainings for the Ukrainian police officers in Kosice;
D) for the purpose of border police education, experts elaborated 3 educational publications and 6 workbooks;
E) research focused on identification, as well as perception of border management problems related mostly to the handling of passengers at BCPs. The output is a scientific publications mapping the migration across Slovakia-Ukraine border, and border management issues. It includes policy recommendations to the Slovak and Ukrainian institutions, as well as to European institutions dealing with Schengen and migration;
F) two conferences (Košice, Uzhgorod) & three workshops (Michalovce, Uzhgorod, Khmelnitsky) organized were be base for exchange of expertise and know-how.

As for the statistics, 160 SK and UA border police officers were trained. More than 182 participants participated at the conferences and expert workshops organized within the project. 10 publications and workbooks were published for the purpose of border police officers education.

At the BCPs, 53 new surveillance cameras were installed, helping to better manage the handling procedures and also to fight against corruption or increase security at the BCP, covering more than 29 ths. m2 of the surveillance area. The length of the camera records storage was extended from 7 days to 90 days, what enables to check the complaints of passengers towards the procedures of border police officers or custom officers. 3 new surveillance working places were renovated and equipped with modern technology.

At the Secondary specialized school of the Police Force in Košice, 3 classrooms were modernized, incl. installation of new computers and education technologies that are used for passport control.

Project helped to develop cooperation of the ÚHCP PZZ with the State Border Service of Ukraine in the area of ​​acceleration of border crossing operations, detection of crime related to border control, detection of false and altered documents, detection of theft motor vehicles, deepening skills in service tactics, development of language skills necessary for the joint performance of the service, respect for human rights and freedoms, and others. Strengthening bilateral relations has brought mutual benefits for both countries – Slovakia and Ukraine, with the primary target group being police officers serving at the common border. Project helped involved policemen to increase competencies, skills and at the same time provided them with modern technologies that improved their work. Research conducted identified the problems of border management and migration and suggested recommendations on how to streamline and improve the management of legal migration on the SK-UA border.

Realizing educational activities and research improved the performance of SK-UA border police officers, approach to passengers, reduced number of conflicting events, streamlined procedures for handling and, ultimately, the results of the project would lead to reduced waiting times as well as increased passenger satisfaction.

Vocational training has increased knowledge of SK and UA police officers in specific areas, which will greatly help them to combat negative phenomena at the border, fight illegal migration, smuggling of goods or stolen vehicles, and so on. Vocational and language training has improved mutual communication between SK and UA police officers, co-ordinating and creating better co-operation conditions.

Project contract no. 1109/2015 for project CBC01017 was signed on October 21, 2015 and came into force on October 22, 2015.

Published Title of the contract / contract number Price
PROJEKTOVÁ ZMLUVA na realizáciu projektu v rámci programu Cezhraničná spolupráca spolufinancovaného z Nórskeho finančného mechanizmu a štátneho rozpočtu Slovenskej republiky
975 507,00 € Government Office SR Ministry of the Interior SR